Kings of France

Bourbon Dynasty, Restored

Vaught-Jasper-Trusty-Molloy, Genealogy Tree

 

Following the ouster of Napoleon Bonaparte in 1814, the Bourbon Dynasty was restored to the French throne. The period of their reigns is called in French the Restauration.

Following the ouster of the last king to rule France, the Second Republic was formed after the election of Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte as President (1848-1852) who then had himself declared Emperor Napoleon III of the Second Empire from 1852 - 1871.

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Louis XVIII

 1814-24

Louis XVIII (1755-1824) was King of France from 1814 until his death in 1824.

Louis-Stanislas-Xavier was born on November 17, 1755 in the Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France, the fourth son of the dauphin Louis, the son of King Louis XV. At birth, he received the title of Count of Provence but throughout most of his life he was known as "Monsieur." After the death of his two elder brothers and the accession of his remaining elder brother as Louis XVI of France in 1774, he became heir presumptive.

The birth of two sons to King Louis XVI, left him third in line to the throne of France. He was living in exile in Westphalia when the King was guillotined in 1793. On the king?s death, Louis-Stanislas-Xavier declared himself Regent for his nephew, the new King Louis XVII. On the 10-year-old king?s death in prison on June 8, 1795, Louis-Stanislas-Xavier proclaimed himself as King Louis XVIII.

In 1814, he gained the French throne with the assistance of Charles Maurice de Talleyrand after Napoleon's downfall. Eventually, he fled Paris on the news of the return of Napoleon, but returned after the Battle of Waterloo had ended Napoleon's rule of the Hundred Days.

King Louis' chief ministers were at first moderate, including Armand Emmanuel, Duc de Richelieu, and ?ie Decazes. The ultraroyalists, led by Louis's brother, the Comte d'Artois (later King Charles X), triumphed after the assassination of the count's son, Charles Ferdinand, Duc du Berry. The new ministry headed by the Comte de Vill? was thoroughly reactionary.

Louis XVIII died on September 16, 1824, and was interred in the Saint Denis Basilica. His brother, the Comte d'Artois, succeeded him as Charles X.

Louis Xviii Stanislas Xavier King Of FRANCE and the MOLLOYS are 15th cousins 7 times removed.

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Charles X

1824-30

Charles X (October 9 1757- November 6 1836) was born at the Palace of Versailles son of Louis (the uncrowned dauphin) and Marie-Jos?e de Saxe. He was crowned King of France in 1824 in the cathedral at Reims and reigned until the French Revolution of 1830 when he abdicated rather than become a constitutional monarch.

He was the brother of both King Louis XVI and King Louis XVIII, as well as uncle to Louis XVII He married Marie-Th?se de Savoie, the daughter of Victor Amadeus III of Savoy, on November 16, 1773.

Their children:

1) Louis-Antoine (August 6, 1775 - June 3, 1844)

2) Charles-Ferdinand (January 24, 1778 - February 13, 1820)

3) Sophie (August 5, 1776 - December 5, 1783)

As Comte d'Artois he headed the reactionary faction at the court of Louis XVI. He left France at the outbreak of the French Revolution, and stayed in England until the Bourbon restoration in 1814. During the reign of Louis XVIII he headed the ultraroyalist opposition, which took power after the assassination of Charles's son the Duc du Berry. The event caused the fall of the ministry of ?ie Decazes and the rise of the Comte de Vill?, who continued as chief minister after Charles became king.

The Vill? cabinet resigned in 1827 under pressure from the liberal press. His successor, the Vicomte de Martignac, tried to steer a middle course, but in 1829 Charles appointed Jules Armand de Polignac, an ultrareactionary, as chief minister. Polignac initiated French colonization in Algeria. His dissolution of the chamber of deputies, his July Ordinances, which set up rigid control of the press, and his restriction of suffrage resulted in the July Revolution.

Charles abdicated in favor of his grandson, the Comte de Chambord, and left for England. However, the Duc d'Orl?s, whom Charles had appointed Lieutenant-General of France, was chosen as "King of the French." He reigned as Louis Philippe.

Fleeing initially to England, he later settled in Prague and then in present-day Slovenia. He died on November 6, 1836 in the palace of Count Michael Coronini Comberg zu Graffenberg at Goritz, Illyria and is buried in the Church of Saint Mary of the Annunciation, Castagnavizza, Slovenia.

Charles X, King Of FRANCE and the MOLLOYS are 15th cousins 7 times removed.

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Louis-Philippe I, the Citizen King

1830-48

Louis-Philippe of France (October 6, 1773 - August 26, 1850), served as the "Orleanist" King of the French from 1830 to 1848.

Born in Paris, Louis-Philippe, as the son of Louis Philippe Joseph, Duc d'Orléans (known as "Philippe Égalité"), descended directly from King Louis XIII.

During the French Revolution and the ensuing regime of Napoleon Bonaparte, Louis-Philippe remained mostly outside France, travelling extensively, including in the United States where he stayed for four years in Philadelphia. His only sister, Princess Louise Marie Adelaide Eugènie d'Orléans, married in the US.

In 1809 Louis-Philippe married Princess Marie Amalie of Bourbon-Sicilies (1782-1866), daughter of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies. They had the following children:

Prince Ferdinand-Philippe, Duke of Orleans (b.9/3/1810)

Princess Louise of Orleans (b.4/3/1812)

Princess Marie of Orleans (b.4/12/1813)

Prince Louis, Duke of Nemours (b.10/25/1814)

Princess Francisca of Orleans (b.3/28/1816)

Princess Clementine of Orleans (b.6/3/1817)

Prince Francois, Duke of Joinville (b.8/14/1818)

Prince Charles, Duke of Penthievre (b.1/1/1820)

Prince Henri, Duke of Aumale (b.6/16/1822)

Prince Antoine, Duke of Montpensier (b.7/31/1824)

Louis Philippe I King Of FRANCE and the MOLLOYS are 22nd cousins.

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